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63 Từ Vựng Tiếng Anh Chuyên Ngành Xuất Nhập Khẩu [Phải Biết]

Tiếp tục chuỗi series từ vựng tiếng Anh, KISS English gửi đến các bạn danh sách 63 từ vựng tiếng Anh chuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu.

Chắc hẳn những ai đang làm về lĩnh vực thương mại quốc tếchuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu sẽ rất cần những từ vựng này.

Cùng tìm hiểu bài viết này, bạn sẽ hiểu rõ ngữ nghĩa và cách dùng của mỗi từ nhé:

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43 Từ Vựng Tiếng Anh Về Thương Mại Quốc Tế

Từ vựng tiếng Anh về thương mại quốc tế
Từ vựng tiếng Anh về thương mại quốc tế

Từ vựngĐịnh nghĩa
Economic outlookHow the economy is expected to perform over a period of time in the future.
Ví dụ: 
The Bank of England governor Mark Carney has said the economic outlook following the UK’s vote to leave the EU is “challenging.”  
Consumer spendingThe purchase of goods and services by consumers like us.
Ví dụ:
U.S. consumer spending rose for a second straight month in May on increased demand for automobiles and other goods, but there are fears Britain’s vote to leave the European Union could hurt confidence and prompt households to cut back on consumption.
Free tradeCountries do business freely with each other without the restrictions of import and export taxes.
Ví dụ:
If the British people vote to leave, the EU could become more protectionist and less open to free trade.
Restricted tradeCountries are taxed on the goods and services moving across their borders.
Ví dụ:
Britain hasn’t left the EU yet, but we could see an exodus of American companies from London to Paris, Berlin or other potential European tech hubs before it does in order to preempt issues of restricted trade.
ManufacturersCompanies that make large quantities (numbers) of goods for sale. 
Ví dụ:
And manufacturers that were starting to stabilize after a prolonged slump face a new potential setback.
DistributionThe action of sending a supply of goods to companies that sell them to consumers. 
Ví dụ:
If they have a good proportion of sales on the continent, they may move their distribution centers.
RetailersCompanies that sell goods in small quantities directly to consumers like us.
Ví dụ:
British retailers and restaurateurs are already bracing for higher costs after the government moved to raise the minimum wage in stages through to 2020.
StartupsA new business venture that’s expected to grow very quickly.
Ví dụ:
For the many Silicon Valley tech startups that have branched out to London, this represents a major problem.
Currency unpredictability The exchange rates fluctuate (move up and down continuously) due to certain market situations.
Ví dụ:
As long as the uncertainty remains, cash flow issues and currency unpredictability will persist, consumer spending on tech goods will continue to drop, and tech workers will be left in a state of limbo.
EntrepreneursSomeone who operates (runs) and manages a business.
Ví dụ:Viewed through the lens of American entrepreneurs and small-business owners, Brexit may seem far away, but with an increasingly globalized world, the ripple effects from across the pond will undoubtedly have an impact here at home.
Win-winIt’s a situation where all the parties involved benefit from doing something.
Ví dụ:
In some way, that might be a win-win outcome: supporters of the Brexit vote would have made their protest loud and clear, whereas the rest of Britain — and the rest of the world — would be saved the disastrous economic consequences of a costly divorce.
Market turbulenceA market situation that’s unsteady (shaky) and hard to predict. 
Ví dụ:
The market turbulence generated by the referendum is already prompting some businesses to rethink hiring and investment plans.
Real EstateA piece of property that’s made up of land and buildings.
Ví dụ:
Brexit may prompt wealthy foreigners to sell U.K. real estate, spurring demand for U.S. properties.
Foreign investment.A company decides to invest in (put money into) a company based in another country
Ví dụ:
But homebuyers may be dealt a favorable drop in mortgage rates, while U.S. business and property owners welcome a possible fresh stream of foreign investment diverted from the U.K.
Exportsell or transfer abroad
Ví dụ:
We export less than we import and have a negative trade balance
Importbring in from abroad
Ví dụ:
Any visible, vested interest in self-justification dooms this kind of writing from the start.
Visiblecapable of being seen or open to easy view
Ví dụ:
a visible change of expression
Invisibleimpossible or nearly impossible to see
Ví dụ:
Our bodies are home to an incredible array of microorganisms, invisible to the naked eye, collectively referred to as the “human microbiome.”
Surplusa quantity much larger than is needed
Ví dụ:
Animal density in many of these forest areas is high, and surplus tigers sometimes venture outside for food, bringing them into conflict with people who live nearby.
Protectionismthe policy of imposing duties or quotas on imports in order to protect home industries from overseas competition
Ví dụ:
All of this suggests that the new system of bishops investigating bishops is simply a new face of the church’s textbook protectionism.
Tariffa government tax on imports or exports
Ví dụ:
The new tariffs were predictable and are both measured and necessary
Quotaa prescribed number
Ví dụ:
After we reached our clover quota, I noticed Pontus and Dave squatting in a dense patch of greenery and joined their hunt for fir tips
Bill of exchangea document ordering the payment of money
Ví dụ:
An economy using bills of exchange was not a monetary economy, Graziani argued, but a credit economy.
Letter of credita document issued by a bank that guarantees the payment of a customer’s draft;
Ví dụ:
She claimed the loan would be secured by a letter of credit from UBS in Switzerland, and showed statements purporting to substantiate her assets, according to an outline of the charges.
Bill of ladinga receipt given by the carrier to the shipper acknowledging receipt of the goods being shipped and specifying the terms of delivery
Ví dụ:
We found the bill of lading in the wall when we were renovating
Receiptthe act of receiving
Ví dụ:
In addition, a bank receipt found in Winkel’s purse was dated April 22 — the day after prosecutors claimed she was killed.
Receivablesmoney that you currently expect to receive from notes or accounts
Ví dụ:
That year, the airline’s trade receivables – money owed to it but not collected – jumped 50 percent even as revenue rose only 11 percent.
Factoringmathematics) the resolution of an entity into factors such that when multiplied together they give the original entity
Ví dụ:
Living at home reduces expenses, but after factoring in health-care costs and taxes, Lyons said she takes home only $1,000 every two weeks
Overseewatch and direct
Ví dụ:
He was the first owner in NFL history to oversee a team that won 300 games — including playoffs — in a span of three decades.
Goodwilla disposition to kindness and compassion
Ví dụ:
One Indian pilot was captured and later released as a gesture of goodwill.
Executeput in effect
Ví dụ:
“We got into a little bit of a rut where guys weren’t executing or optimizing their pitch selection for how to attack that hitter,” Friedman said.
Expediteprocess fast and efficiently
Ví dụ:
We will be asking the federal appeals court to expedite the ongoing appeals proceeding to halt the irreversible and imminent damage from Trump’s border wall.
Altercause to change
Ví dụ:
But the change in the EU Parliament means there is a need for the EU to alter its approach, Mr Barclay said.
Consentgive an affirmative reply to
Ví dụ:
They testified this week that they were too drunk to consent.
Reducemake smaller
Ví dụ:
When reducing vast amounts of raw footage into a finished film, Pennebaker said, “The one barometer I believe in is boredom. The minute people start to lose interest, that’s it.”
Settlebecome resolved, fixed, established, or quiet
Ví dụ:
Both sides realized the appropriate thing to do was to settle with my client,” attorney Diana Fitzgerald told the newspaper.
Suretysomething clearly established
Ví dụ:
That John Waters is a national treasure is a surety.
Intactundamaged in any way
Ví dụ:
The malevolent entity possesses each person in succession, until only one is left intact to fight for survival.
Despatchthe act of sending off something
Ví dụ:
The modern equivalent of the bag is the red despatch box or Budget box.
Commitmentthe act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action
Ví dụ:
Esper said he is returning to the region in order to affirm the U.S. and his own personal commitments to the Indo-Pacific.
Restrictionan act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)
Ví dụ:
an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)
Exceptionalsurpassing what is common or usual or expected
Ví dụ:
And so homicide is treated as nothing exceptional — that is, unless the killing gets played up in the news.
Pervasivespreading or spread throughout
Ví dụ:
But as fleeting as it may be, the right’s fascination with Ms. Williamson is pervasive.

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20 Từ Vựng Tiếng Anh Chuyên Ngành Xuất Nhập Khẩu

Từ vựng tiếng Anh chuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu
Tiếng anh chuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu | KISS English

Từ vựng Định nghĩa
bill of ladingn. list of goods and shipping instructions; waybill
c.&f.abbr. cost & freight: includes shipping to named port but not insurance
c.i.f.abbr. cost, insurance & freight: includes insurance and shipping to named port
cargon. goods or products that are being transported or shipped
certificate of originn. a document that shows where goods come from
containern. huge box to hold goods for transport – container port n. to containerise v.
customsn. 1 government tax or duty on imported goods 2 officials who collect this tax
declarev. to make a statement of taxable goods – customs declaration form n.
f.a.s.abbr. free alongside ship [includes delivery to quayside but not loading]
f.o.b.abbr. free on board: includes loading onto ship
freightn. goods being transported; cargo
irrevocableadj. that cannot be undone; unalterable – irrevocable letter of credit n.
letter of creditn. a letter from a bank authorising a person to draw money from another bank
merchandisen. things bought and sold; commodities; wares – also v.
packing listn. a document that is sent with goods to show that they have been checked
pro forma invoicen. an invoice or request for payment sent in advance of goods supplied
quayn. a solid, artificial landing place for (un)loading ships; wharf – quayside n.
shipv. to send or transport by land, sea or air – also n. shipment n.
shipping agentn. a person acting for or representing a ship or ships at a port
waybilln. list of goods and shipping instructions; bill of lading – air waybill n.

Trên đây là chi tiết về 63 từ vựng tiếng Anh chuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu KISS English muốn giới thiệu đến các bạn. Hi vọng những từ này sẽ giúp các bạn mở rộng vốn từ vựng tiếng Anh hơn.

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